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JFR's "This Month in Holocaust History"


Jewish Foundation for the Righteous (JFR)

In 1986, Rabbi Harold M. Schulweis established The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous (JFR) to fulfill the traditional Jewish commitment to hakarat hatov, the searching out and recognition of goodness. To this end, the JFR is committed to assisting those Righteous Gentiles who are in need. Currently, the JFR supports more than 1,000 aged and needy rescuers in 23 countries.

The Alabama Holocaust Commission (AHC) is recognized as a "Center of Excellence" by the Jewish Foundation for the Righteous (JFR).  The Holocaust Centers of Excellence program is a partnership between the JFR and the participating Holocaust Center.  In agreeing to participate in the program, each center commits to nominating two educators each year to attend the JFR Summer Institute for Teachers.  Additionally, each center agrees to sponsor Holocaust teacher education programs that draw on JFR materials and training models.  The centers make a commitment to teach the Holocaust in as comprehensive a manner as possible and to include the subject of rescue.  Teachers who attend JFR programs - known as Alfred Lerner Fellows - form a cadre of educators for each local center as well as for the JFR.

 

JANUARY

           Soviet forces liberated Auschwitz.

FEBRUARY

  • February 25-26, 1941
    In response to roundups, the Dutch Communist Party organized the people of the Netherlands to strike.

MARCH

  • March 1, 1943
    Americans rally at Madison Square Garden to urge America to support rescue efforts in Europe.

APRIL

  • April 1944
    The German army occupied Hungary in March 1944 and installed Dome Sztójay, a fanatically pro-German, as prime minister.  In April, he ordered the approximate 500,000 Jews in the countryside to be concentrated in certain towns and cities.

MAY

JUNE

           Hannah Szenes, a Palestinian Jew who served in the British military, was

           captured in Hungary by the Germans.

JULY

  • July 6-15, 1938
    Delegates from 32 countries met at the French resort town of Evian to discuss the refugee problem in Europe.
  • July 20, 1944
    A nearly successful assassination attempt of Hitler is carried out by Colonel Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg at the Wolf's Lair headquarters in East Prussia.

AUGUST

  • August 14, 1941
    British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a joint declaration known as the Atlantic Charter.

SEPTEMBER

           Auschwitz conducted the first gassing experiments using Zyklon B on 600
           Russian prisoners of war and 250 ill Polish prisoners.

  • September 28, 1943
    Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz, the German naval attache who wold later be honored as Righteous Among the Nations, alerted Danish government leaders of German plans to begin the deportation of the Jews.

OCTOBER

           Sonderkommandos revolted and blew up crematoria IV at Birkenau, killing
           several SS guards.

NOVEMBER

  • November 23, 1939
    The Nazi government issues a law stating that all Jewish Poles in German occupied Poland who were over the age of ten must wear armbands with blue Stars of David on them

DECEMBER

           Germany mandated the compulsory "Aryanization" of Jewish property.

           The Doctors Trial in Nuremberg, Germany.

 

Page last updated:  November 18, 2014